Main Article Content


Self-compassion is a healthy attitude toward oneself which positively associated to an individual’s mental health. Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) is a common instrument to measure levels of self-compassion However, to date, there is no study that evaluates the psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of SCS. This study aims to adapt the SCS into Indonesian language and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of SCS. Participants in this study were 329 college students enrolled in universities in Jakarta and surrounding areas and were recruited through convenience sampling. Instrument used in this research is the Indonesian version of SCS, which we named Skala Welas Diri (SWD). The result of psychometric evaluation using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), construct validity, and Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient showed good validity and reliability of SWD. The study suggested that SWD have a similar theoretical model as SCS. The study concludes that SWD could be used as an adequate measurement of self-compassion.


adaptasi skala confirmatory factor analysis self-compassion scale welas diri confirmatory factor analysis scale adaptation self-compassion self-compassion scale

Article Details

How to Cite
Sugianto, D., Suwartono, C., & Sutanto, S. H. (2020). Reliability and validity of the Indonesian version of Self-Compassion Scale. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat, 7(2), 177–191.


  1. Azwar, S. (2013). Reliabilitas dan validitas (4th ed). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
  2. Besser, A., & Priel, B. (2011). Dependency, self-criticism and negative affect responses following imaginary rejection and failure threats: Meaning-making processes as moderators or mediators. Psychiatry, 74(1), 31-40.
  3. Bloch, J. H. (2018). Self-compassion, social connectedness, and interpersonal competence (Master’s thesis). University of Montana, Montana, United States.
  4. Breines, J. G., & Chen S. (2012). Self-compassion increases self-improvement motivation. Personal and Social Psychology Bulletin. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/0146167212445599
  5. Brown, T. A. (2006). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
  6. Cangur, S., & Ercan, I. (2015). Comparison of model fit indices used in structural equation modelling under multivariate normality. Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods, 14(1), 152-167. doi: 10.22237/jmasm/1430453580
  7. Cleare, S., Gumley, A., & O’Connor, R. C. (2019). Self-compassion, self-forgiveness, suicidal ideation, and self-harm: A systematic review. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2372
  8. Elices, M., Carmona, C., Pascual, J. C., Feliu-Soler, A., Martin-Blanco, A., & Soler, J. (2017). Compassion and self-compassion: Construct and measurement. Mindfulness & Compassion, 2, 34-40. doi: 10.1016/j.mincom.2016.11.003
  9. Feldman, C., & Kuyken, W. (2011). Compassion in the landscape of suffering. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(1). Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/14639947.2011.564831
  10. Germer, C. K., & Neff, K. D. (2013). A pilot study and randomized controlled trial of the mindful self-compassion program. Journal of Clinical Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21923
  11. Gilbert, P., Baldwin, M. W., Irons, C., Baccus, J. R., & Palmer, M. (2006). Self-criticism and self-warmth: An imagery study exploring their relation to depression. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 20(2), 183-200.
  12. Gilbert, P. Catarino, F., Duarte, C., Matos, M., Kolts, R., … Basran, J. (2017). The development of compassionate engagement and action scales for self and others. Journal of Compassionate Health Care, 4(4). Advance online publication. doi: 10.1186/s40639-017-0033-3
  13. Goetz, J. L., Keltner, D., & Simon-Thomas, E. (2011). Compassion: An evolutionary analysis and empirical review. Psychological Bulletin, 136(3), 351-374. doi: 10.1037/a0018807
  14. Hair, J., Black, W., Babin, B., & Anderson, R. (2010). Multivariate data analysis (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
  15. International Test Commission. (2017). ITC guidelines for translating and adapting tests (second edition). International Journal of Testing. doi: 10.1080/15305058.2017.1398166.
  16. Joeng, J. R., & Turner, S. L. (2015). Mediators between self-criticism and depression: Fear of compassion, self-compassion, and importance to others. Journal of Counseling Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/cou0000071
  17. Kannan, D., & Levitt, H. M. (2013). A review of client self-criticism in psychotherapy. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 23(2), 166-178. doi: 10.1037/a0032355
  18. Kessler, R. C., Andrews, G., Colpe, L. J., Hiripi, E., Mroczek, D. K., Normand, S. L. T., Walters, E. E., & Zaslavsky, A. M. (2002). Short screening scales to monitor population prevalences and trends in non-specific psychological distress. Psychological Medicine, 32, 959-976. doi: 10.1017/S0033291702006074
  19. Leary, M. R., Tate, E. B., Adams, C. E., Allen, A. B., & Hancock, J. (2007). Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: The implications of treating oneself kindly. Personality Processes and Individual Differences, 92(5), 887-904. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.92.5.887
  20. Lyon, T. (2015). Self-compassion as a predictor of loneliness: The relationship between self-evaluation processes and perceptions of social connection (Selected honor theses). Southeastern University, Florida, United States.
  21. Marsh, I. C., Chan, S. W. Y., & Macbeth, A. (2017). Self-compassion and psychological distress in adolescents: A meta-analysis. Mindfulness, 9, 1011-1027. doi: 10.1007/s12671-017-0850-7
  22. Neff, K. D. (2003a). Self-compassion: An alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity, 2, 85-101. doi: 10.1080/15298860390129863
  23. Neff, K. D. (2003b). The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223-250. doi: 10.1080/15298860390209035
  24. Neff, K. D. (2011). Self-compassion, self-esteem, and well-being. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(1). Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2010.00330.x
  25. Neff, K. D. (2016). The Self-Compassion Scale is a valid and theoretically coherent measure of self-compassion. Mindfulness. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s12671-015-0479-3
  26. Neff, K. D. (2019). Self-compassion scales. SELF-COMPASSION. Ditemu kembali dari
  27. Neff, K. D., & Seppala, E. (2016). Compassion, well-being, and the hypoegoic self. Dalam K. W. Brown & M. Leary (Eds.), Oxford handbook of hypo-egoic phenomena: Theory and research on the quiet ego (hlm. 478-497). United Kingdom, UK: Oxford University Press.
  28. Neff, K. D., Toth-Kiraly, I., & Colosimo, K. (2018). Self-compassion is a global construct and is overlapping with but distinct from neuroticism: A response to Pfattheicher, Geiger, Hartung, Weiss, and Schindler (2017). European Journal of Personality, 32, 371-392. doi: 10.1002/per.2148
  29. Neff, K. D., Toth-Kiraly, I., Yarnell, L. M., Arimitsu, K., Castilho, P., … Mantzios, M. (2019). Examining the factor structure of the Self-Compassion Scale in 20 diverse samples: Support for use of a total score and six subscale scores. Psychological Assessment, 31(1), 27-45. doi: 10.1037/pas0000629
  30. Pommier, E. A. (2010). The compassion scale (Doctoral dissertation). The University of Texas at Austin, Texas, United States.
  31. Schumaker, R. E., & Lomax, R. G. (2010). A beginner’s guide to structural equation modeling (3rd ed). New York, NY: Routledge.
  32. Soysa, C. K., & Wilcomb, C. J. (2013). Mindfulness, self-compassion, self-efficacy, and gender as predictors of depression, anxiety, stress, and well-being. Mindfulnes. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s12671-013-0247-1
  33. Transcultural Mental Health Service. (n.d.). Kessler 10. Ditemu kembali dari