Main Article Content


Adolescents are surrounded by social environment in their daily life which becomes their social capital. In this study, the socialcapital includes significant people in adolescents’ life, such as: parents, teachers, and friends, from which the measurement of adolescent social capital is based upon. Respondents in this study consisted of 250 adolescents, of which 46 percent were men. The results of psychometric tests demonstrated a good validity and reliability of the developed scale through internal consistency and construct validity testing. The scale was proficient in measuring the similar constructs of social capital: social interaction, trust, andshared vision. Given the good psychometric properties, the developed scale is reliable to be used to measure social capital for adolescents.


adolescence social capital psychometry scale development remaja skala modal sosial psikometri pengembangan skala

Article Details

How to Cite
Selviana, S. (2020). The development of Social Capital Scale for adolescence. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat: Indonesian Journal of Indigenous Psychology, 6(1), 37–52.


  1. Atencio, M., & Bearnes, S. (2008). Building social capital through outdoor education. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 8(2), 99-112. doi: 10.1080/14729670802256868
  2. Barker, G. (2007). Adolescents, social support and help seeking behaviour: An international literature review and programme consultation with recommendations for action. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  3. Boxman, E.A., De Graaf, P. M., & Flap, H. D. (1991). The impact of social and human capital on the income attainment of Dutch managers. Journal of Social Networks, 13(1), 51-73. doi: 10.1016/0378-8733(91)90013-J
  4. Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. The American Journal of Sociology, 94, 95-120. doi:10.1086/228943
  5. Collins, W. A., & Sprinthall, N. A. (1995). Adolescent psychology: A developmental view. New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
  6. Cox, E. (1995). A truly civil society. Sydney: ABC Books.
  7. Feldman, D. F., & Ng, T. W. (2010). The effects of organizational embeddedness on development of social capital and human capital. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(4), 696-712. doi: 10.1037/a0019150
  8. Hair, Jr., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate data analysis: A global perspective (7th ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.
  9. Hurlock, E. B. (1999). Developmental psychology: A life-span approach. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  10. King, P. E., & Furrow, J. L. (2004). Religion as a resource for positive youth development: Religion, social capital, and moral outcomes. Developmental Psychology, 40(5), 703-713. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.40.5.703
  11. Lim, C., & Putnam, R. D. (2010). Religion, social networks, and life satisfaction. American Sociological Review, 75(6), 914–933. doi: 10.1177/0003122410386686
  12. Mawardi. (2007). Peranan social capital dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat. Komunitas Jurnal Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam, 3(2), 5-14.
  13. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2001). The well-being of nations: The role of human and social capital. Paris: OECD.
  14. Susanto, D. (2017). Peran pola asuh demokratis, konformitas teman sebaya dan penggunaan situs jejaring sosial terhadap perilaku prososial melalui mediator kontrol diri (Disertasi tidak dipublikasikan). Universitas Persada Indonesia YAI, Indonesia.
  15. Uslaner, E. M. (1999). Trust but verify: Social capital and moral behavior. Social Science Information, 38(1), 29-55. doi: 10.1177/053901899038001002
  16. Wijanto, S. H. (2008). Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) dengan LISREL 8.8 konsep & tutorial. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.