Main Article Content

Abstract

This qualitative study is particularly focused on the North Sumatera context; it investigates the dynamics of ethnic and national identities of Bataknese youths in the defining themselves as an Indonesian. Thirty-one individuals (six local figures and 25 Bataknese youths) participated in the study. The results illustrated the strengthening process of ethnic identity through exploring family and environmental common practices. The strengthening of ethnic identity was also found to occur in concurrent with the strengthening of national identity, as manifested in the participants’ willingness to maintain harmony in their society. The study concludes that the strengthening of ethnic identity positively shapes one’s national identity. Student participants and local figures expressed concern about the sustainability of cultural cultivation which is necessary to shape ethnic identity among young Bataknese. The study recommends a Batak kinship model known as dalihan na tolu, in which many families with different tasks and roles, flexibly manage differences to strengthen national identity based on the philosophy of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika.

Keywords

etnis Batak identitas etnis identitas nasional proses menjadi orang Indonesia Bataknese ethnic identity national identity process of becoming an Indonesian

Article Details

How to Cite
Nauly, M., Irmawati, I., Purba, R. M., & Fauzia, R. (2022). The dynamics of ethnic and national identities in the process of becoming an Indonesian: The Bataknese case. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat: Indonesian Journal of Indigenous Psychology. https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu398

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