Idol fanaticism of Indonesian K-pop fans: Fandom identity, personality type, and celebrity worship among K-pop fans

Authors

  • Felicia Angela Handoko Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Soerjantini Rahaju Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Ide Bagus Siaputra Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Surabaya, Indonesia
https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu714

Keywords:

Big Five personality, celebrity worship, fandom identity, K-pop fans, K-pop in Indonesia

Abstract

The popularity of K-pop in Indonesia is steadily growing each year, highlighting the importance of studies to explore psychological dynamics. This study focuses on investigating the role of fandom identity (fan community identity) and personality according to the Big Five model in relation to celebrity worship among Indonesia K-pop fans. The research participants consisted of 716 K-pop enthusiasts in Indonesia (Mage =20.78; SDage =1.57) selected through purposive sampling. Participants completed the Celebrity Attitude Scale, BFI-2 Short Version, and Fandom Identity Scale. The result did not meet the assumptions for regression analysis, thus Spearman correlation tests were conducted for analysis. The results indicate a significant relationship between fandom identity and celebrity worship, with only the neuroticism personality found to have a low correlation with celebrity worship. The study suggests that fandom identity is more associated with celebrity worship behavior than personality traits, therefore fanaticism is more linked to group actions than individual tendencies.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahya, A., & Siaputra, I. B. (2022). Validation of Big Five Inventory-2 (BFI-2) for Indonesia: Not perfect but still valid and reliable to measure personality. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat: Indonesian Journal of Indigenous Psychology, 9(1), 179—203. https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu458

Asrie, N., & Misrawati, D. (2020). Celebrity worship dan impulsive buying pada penggemar KPOP Idol. Journal of Psychological Perspective, 2(2), 91—100. https://doi.org/10.47679/jopp.022.12200008

CNN Indonesia. (2021, 26 Januari). Fan K-pop Dulang Donasi Rp1,4 M untuk Bencana Indonesia. CNN Indonesia. https://www.cnnindonesia.com/hiburan/20210126205838-248-598773/fan-K-pop-dulang-donasi-rp14-m-untuk-bencana-indonesia

Costa, P. T., Jr, Herbst, J. H., McCrae, R. R., & Siegler, I. C. (2000). Personality at midlife: stability, intrinsic maturation, and response to life events. Assessment, 7(4), 365—378. https://doi.org/10.1177/107319110000700405

Damaledo, Y. D. (2020). Indonesia Negara Kedua Terbanyak yang Putar Musik K-pop di Spotify. https://tirto.id/indonesia-negara-kedua-terbanyak-yang-putar-musik-k- pop-di-spotify-eA2n

Efathania, V. N., & Aisyah (2019). Hubungan antara Big Five Personality Trait dengan Celebrity Worship pada Dewasa Muda Penggemar K-pop di Sosial Media. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Mindset, 10(1), 1—16. https://doi.org/10.35814/mindset.v10i01.734

Etikan, I. (2016). Comparison of convenience sampling and purposive sampling. American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics, 5(1), 1—4. http://dx.doi.org/10.11648/j.ajtas.20160501.11

Ewe, K. (2022). Kenapa Sih Penggemar K-pop Rajin Donasi Beras ke Idolanya? Ini Alasannya. https://www.vice.com/id/article/y3vqay/alasan-penggemar-K-pop-rajin-donasi-beras-ke-idolanya

Frederika, E., Suprapto, M. H., & Tanojo, K. L. (2015). Hubungan antara harga diri dan konformitas dengan celebrity worship pada remaja di Surabaya. Jurnal Gema Aktualita, 4(1), 61—69. http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/341

Hogg, M. A., & Smith, J. R. (2007). Attitudes in social context: A social identity perspective. European Review of Social Psychology, 18, 89—131. https://doi.org/10.1080/10463280701592070

Triadanti, (2019, March 2). #IDNTimesIndepth Penggemar K-pop. https://twitter.com/idntimes/status/1101786202330476544

Jenkins, S.T., Reysen, S., & Katzarska-Miller, I. (2012). Ingroup identification and personality. Journal of Interpersonal Relations, Intergroup Relations and Identity, 5, 9—16.

Jung, S. (2011). K-pop, Indonesian fandom, and social media. Transformative Works and Cultures, 8. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2011.0289

Khan, A. (2021). Streaming culture in Kpop: Do the targeted views really matter?. https://www.pinkvilla.com/entertainment/streaming-culture-kpop-do-targeted-views-really-matter-697432

Kim, D. (2018). Guide To K-pop Music Show Wins: What You Need To Know. https://www.soompi.com/article/1220849wpp/guide-music-show-wins-need-know

Kim, Y. J. (2021). K-pop belts out another record on Twitter with 7.5 billion Tweets. https://blog.twitter.com/en_sea/topics/insights/2021/K-pop-belts-out-another-record-on-twitter-with-7-5-billion-tweet

Nurani, N. (2017). Fanatisme Fans K-pop: Candu dan Bumbu Remaja. https://kumparan.com/kumparanK-pop/fanatisme-fans-K-pop-candu-dan-bumbu-remaja

Kompas. (2021, 27 Januari). 16 Fanbase Kpop di Indonesia Galang Dana untuk Bantu Korban Bencana Alam. https://www.kompas.com/hype/read/2021/01/27/142422966/ 16-fanbase-kpop-di-indonesia-galang-dana-untuk-bantu-korban-bencana-alam?page=all

KoreanSales. (2021, 5 Juli). Everything you need to know about physical sales in K-pop. https://koreansalestwt.blogspot.com/2021/07/everything-you-need-to-know-about.html

Laffan, D. A. (2021). Positive psychosocial outcomes and fanship in K-pop Fans: A social identity theory perspective. Psychological Reports, 124(5), 2272—2285. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294120961524

Maltby, J., Houran, J., & McCutcheon, L. E. (2003). A clinical interpretation of attitudes and behaviors associated with celebrity worship. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 191(1), 25—29. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005053-200301000-00005

Mandas, A. L., Suroso, S., & Sarwindah, S. D. (2019). Hubungan antara konsep diri dengan celebrity worship pada remaja pecinta korea di Manado ditinjau dari jenis kelamin. Psikovidya, 22(2), 164—189. https://doi.org/10.37303/psikovidya.v22i2.111

McCutcheon, L. E., Wong, M. M., Black, J., Maynard, D. B., Frey, R., & Rich, G. (2014). Does “irresponsibility” predict the addictive level of celebrity worship? North American Journal of Psychology, 16(3), 519—530. http://hdl.handle.net/2292/24152

McCutcheon, L. E., Lange, R., & Houran, J. (2002). Conceptualization and measurement of celebrity worship. British Journal of Psychology, 93(1), 67—87. https://doi.org/10.1348/000712602162454

McCutcheon, L. E., Rich, G., Browne, B., & Britt, R. (2016). The relationship between attitudes toward celebrities & the five factor personality inventory at an Elite Indian university: A brief report. North American Journal of Psychology, 18(3), 525—532.

McCutcheon, L., Maltby, J., Houran, J., & Ashe, D. D. (2004). Celebrity Attitude Scale [Database PsycTESTS}. https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t04928-000

Muna'amah, R. N. (2016). Hubungan antara persepsi terhadap idola dan konformitas dengan kecenderungan celebrity Worship pada komunitas kloss (Korean Lovers Surabaya). [Skripsi Sarjana, Universitas Hang Tua]. Repository Hangtuah

Muslimah, Ayu, M., & Kusuma, R. S. (2021). Hubungan Gender Dalam Celebrity Worship. [Skripsi tesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta]. Eprint UMS.

Nurohmah, Y. F., & Prakoso, H. (2019). Hubungan psychological well being dan celebrity worship pada anggota fansclub EXO di Bandung. Spesia. 5(1), 181—186. http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/21824

Rahyuni, O. (2021). Pengaruh celebrity worship, self esteem dan kecanduan internet terhadap compulsive buying (Studi pada pembelian merchandise idola k-pop fans BTS di Kebumen). Other thesis, Universitas Putra Bangsa.

Reynolds, K. J., Bizumic, B., Subasic, E., Turner, J. C., Branscombe, N., Mavor, K. I., & Batalha, L. (2012). Social identity and personality processes: Non‐aboriginal Australian identity and neuroticism. European Journal of Social Psychology, 42(2), 252—262. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.1841

Reynolds, K. J., Turner, J. C., Branscombe, N. R., Mavor, K. I., Bizumic, B., & Subašić, E. (2010). Interactionism in personality and social psychology: An integrated approach to understanding the mind and behavior. European Journal of Personality, 24(5), 458—482. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1002/per.782

Santrock, J. W. (2012). Perkembangan Masa Hidup Edisi Ketigabelas. Erlangga.

Salbiah, N. A. (2020). Deretan Topik yang Paling Banyak Dibicarakan di Twitter Pada 2020. https://www.jawapos.com/oto-dan-tekno/09/12/2020/deretan-topik-yang-paling-banyak-dibicarakan-di-twitter-pada-2020/

Sari, N. M. A. W. (2019). Validitas dan Reliabilitas Adaptasi Bahasa Indonesia Instrumen Celebrity Attitude Scale Dengan Pendekatan Model Rasch. [Disertasi Magister, Universitas Padjadjaran]. Repository UNPAD.

Siaputra, I. B., & Natalya. L. (2016). Teori dan Praktik Cara Asyik Belajar Pengukuran Psikologis. Penerbit Penerbitan dan Publikasi Ilmiah, Universitas Surabaya (Terbitan Terbatas).

Setiawan, T. S. (2019). SM Entertainment Buka Kantor Perwakilan di Indonesia, Apa Saja Isinya? https://entertainment.kompas.com/read/2019/02/08/181035310/sm-entertainment-buka-kantor-perwakilan-di-indonesia-apa-saja-isinya

Sheridan, L., North, A., Maltby, J., & Gillett, R. (2007). Celebrity worship, addiction and criminality. Psychology, Crime and Law, 13(6), 559—571. https://doi.org/10.1080/10683160601160653

Sofwan, A., & Sumaryanti, I. U. (2022). Pengaruh celebrity worship terhadap compulsive buying pada penggemar K-pop dewasa awal Bandung. Bandung Conference Series: Psychology Science, 2(2), 269—276. https://doi.org/10.29313/bcsps.v2i3.2986

Soto, C. J., & John, O. P. (2017). The next Big Five Inventory (BFI-2): Developing and assessing a hierarchical model with 15 facets to enhance bandwidth, fidelity, and predictive power. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 113(1), 117—143. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000096

Suwartono, C., & Moningka, C. (2017). Pengujian Validitas Dan Reliabilitas Skala Identitas Sosial. Humanitas, 14(2), 176—188. https://doi.org/10.26555/humanitas.v14i2.6967

Thahira. (2020). K-popedia: Istilah Bias dalam Fandom K-pop. https://kumparan.com/kumparanK-pop/K-popedia-istilah-bias-dalam-fandom-K-pop- 1tKVvthjuji

Tinaliga, B. (2018). “At War for OPPA and Identity”: Competitive Performativity among Korean- Pop Fandoms. [Master’s Thesis, University of San Fransisco] Master’s Projects and Capstones, 768. https://repository.usfca.edu/capstone/768

Tougas, F., & Beaton, A. M. (2002). Personal and group relative deprivation: Connecting the 'I' tthe 'We'. Dalam Walker & Smith (ed.), Relative deprivation: Specification, development, and integration (hlm. 119—135). Cambridge University Press.

Tresna, K. A. A. D., Sukamto, M. E., & Tondok, M. S. (2021). Celebrity worship and body image among young girls fans of K-pop girl groups. Humanitas, 18(2), 100—111. http://dx.doi.org/10.26555/humanitas.v18i2.19392

Turner, J. C., & Onorato, R. S. (1999). Social identity, personality, and the self-concept: A self-categorizing perspective. Dalam T. R. Tyler, R. M. Kramer, & O. P. John (Eds.), The psychology of the social self (hlm. 11—46). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Won S. (2021). South Korea: K-pop views on Youtube by country 2019.. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1106704/south-korea-kpop-youtube-views-by-country/

Zahid, K., & Rochim, M. (2019). Hubungan fanatisme fanbase K-pop dengan ujaran kebencian di media sosial. Prosiding Manajemen Komunikasi, 5(2), 715—722. http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/.v0i0.18078

Zhang, X. X., Liu, L., Zhao, X., Zheng, J., Yang, M., & Zhang, J. Q. (2015). Towards a three-component model of fan loyalty: A case study of Chinese youth. PLoS ONE, 10(4), 1—16. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124312

Zsila, Á., McCutcheon, L. E., & Demetrovics, Z. (2018). The association of celebrity worship with problematic Internet use, maladaptive daydreaming, and desire for fame. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 7(3), 654—664. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.76

Downloads

Published

2024-03-25

How to Cite

Handoko, F. A., Rahaju, S., & Siaputra, I. B. (2024). Idol fanaticism of Indonesian K-pop fans: Fandom identity, personality type, and celebrity worship among K-pop fans. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat. https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu714

Issue

Section

Original Research

Citation Check