Main Article Content

Abstract

This study aimed to provide evidence regarding how gratitude and positive reframing serve as predictors on student activists’ levels of sense of coherence in a private university in Tangerang. Data was collected from a sample of 140 students who were active members of student organizations. The Gratitude Questionnaire Six-Item-Form (GQ-6) was used to measure gratitude, Positive Reframing Measurement (PRM) was used to measure positive reframing, and Sense of Coherence Scale 13 Items (SOC-13) was used to measure sense of coherence. The result exhibited a significant contribution of gratitude and positive reframing toward student activist’s level of sense of coherence and all its dimensions. Other findings related to these variables, limitations of the study, and future research directions are also discussed.

Keywords

gratitude positive reframing sense of coherence student activists aktivis mahasiswa kebersyukuran koherensi diri mahasiswa organisator pemaknaan ulang pengurus organisasi

Article Details

How to Cite
Gomargana, C., & Aditya, Y. (2022). The role of gratitude and positive reframing on student activists’ level of sense of coherence. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat: Indonesian Journal of Indigenous Psychology, 9(1), 142–157. https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu165

References

  1. Adler, M. G., & Fagley, N. S. (2005). Appreciation: Individual differences in finding value and meaning as a unique predictor of subjective well-being. Journal of Personality, 73(1), 79-114. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2004.00305.x
  2. Antonovsky, A. (1987). Unraveling the mystery of health: How people manage stress and stay well. Jossey-Bass.
  3. Antonovsky, A. (1993). The structure and properties of the Sense of Coherence scale. Social Science & Medicine, 36(6), 725-733. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(93)90033-Z
  4. Ariela, J., & Karsten, K. (2016). The Gratitude Questionnaire – Six Item Form (GQ-6) Indonesian Version [Unpublished measurement instrument]. Universitas Pelita Harapan.
  5. Bauman, Z. (2007). Liquid times: Living in an age of uncertainty. Polity Press.
  6. Behere, S. P., Yadav, R., & Behere, P. B. (2011). A comparative study of stress among students of medicine, engineering, and nursing. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 33(2), 145-153. https://doi.org/ 10.4103/0019-5545.105526
  7. BEM-UPH. (2019). Student leaders guidebook: Pemetaan organisasi 2019/2020. Universitas Pelita Harapan.
  8. Blom, E. C., Serlachius, E., Larrson, J., Theorell, T., & Ingvar, M. (201). Low sense of coherence (SOC) is a mirror of general anxiety and persistent depressive symptoms in adolescent girls – a cross sectional study of a clinical and non clinical cohort. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 8(58), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-8-58
  9. Davis, K., & Newstorm, J. W. (2008). Organizational behavior: Human behavior at work. McGraw-Hill.
  10. Ebede, S. S. (2015). The impact of student organizations on the development of core competencies [Master’s thesis, University of Northern Iowa]. Dissertations and Theses @ UNI. https://scholarworks.uni.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1209&context=etd
  11. Emmons, R. A. (2012). Queen of the virtues? Gratitude as a human strength. Reflective Practice: Formation and Supervision in Ministry, 32, 49-62.
  12. Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 348-362. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.85.2.348
  13. Gulliford, L., & Kristjansson, K. (2013). Recent work on the concept of gratitude in philosophy and psychology. Journal of Value Inquiry, 4, 285-317. https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s10790-013-9387-8
  14. Hanami, Y. (2016). Cultural differences in the situations expressing gratitude: A comparative study of Japanese and Indonesian college students [Doctoral dissertation, Tohoku University]. Tohoku University Repository. http://hdl.handle.net/10097/64203
  15. Kalimo, R., Pahkin, K., & Mutanen, P. (2003). Staying well or burning out at work: Work characteristics and personal resources as long term predictors of well-being. Work & Stress, 17(2), 109–122. https://doi.org/10.1080/0267837031000149919
  16. Lambert, N. M., & Fincham, F. D. (2011). Expressing gratitude to a partner leads to more relationship maintenance behavior. Emotion, 11(1), 52–60. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021557
  17. Lambert, N. M., Fincham, F. D., Graham, S. M., & Stillman, T. F. (2009). A changed perspective: How gratitude can affect sense of coherence through positive reframing. Journal of Positive Psychology, 4(6), 461-470. https://doi.org/ 10.1080/17439760903157182
  18. Lenson, E. S. (2018). Overcoming adversity: Conquering life’s challenges. Australian Academic Press.
  19. Linley, P. A., & Harris, G. J. (2005). Understanding positive change following trauma and adversity: Structural clarification. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 10(1), 83-96. https://doi.org/10.1080/15325020490890741
  20. Lukiana, E. O., & Atika, M. (2020). Pengaruh sense of coherence (Rasa kelayakan) terhadap kualitas hidup penderita kanker serviks [Bachelor’s thesis, Trunojoyo Madura University]. Portal Artikel Tugas Akhir Universitas Trunojoyo Madura. https://pta.trunojoyo.ac.id/welcome/detail/150541100063
  21. McCullough, M. E., Tsang, J., & Emmons, R. A. (2002). The grateful disposition: A conceptual and empirical topography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(1), 112-127. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.82.1.112
  22. McGee, S. L., Holtge, J., Maercker, A., & Thoma, M. V. (2018). Sense of coherence and stress related resilience: Investigating the mediating and moderating mechanisms in the development of resilience following stress or adversity. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9(378), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00378
  23. Montelongo, R. (2002). Student participation in college student organizations: A review of literature. Journal of the Indiana University Student Personal Association, 50–63. https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/jiuspa/article/view/4617
  24. Nel, W. (2018). On campus student leadership: Challenges and possibilities. Journal of Student Affairs in Africa, 4(2), 55-60. https://doi.org/10.14426/jsaa.v4i2.1533
  25. Riordan, C. (2013, Oktober 3). How to juggle multiple roles. Harvard Business Review. https://hbr.org/2013/10/how-to-juggle-multiple-roles
  26. Rosch, D., & Coers, N. (2013). How are we educating agricultural students? A national profile of leadership capacities and involvement in college compared to non-agricultural peers. Journal of American Association for Agricultural Education, 54(1), 83-96. https://doi.org/ 10.5032/jae.2013.01083
  27. Taylor, E., Gillborn, D., & Ladson-Billings, G. (2009). Foundations of critical race theory in education. Cultural and Pedagogical Inquiry, 3(2), 47-50. https://doi.org/10.1177/0741713610389784
  28. Volanen, S. M. (2011). Sense of coherence: Determinants and consequences. [Doctoral dissertation, University of Helsinki]. HELDA. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-10-6588-0
  29. Wagemakers, M. A. E., Picavet, H. S. J., Verkooijen, K. T., & Koelen, M. A. (2015). Strengthening sense of coherence: Opportunities for theory building in health promotion. Health Promotion International, 31(4), 869-878. https://doi.org/ 10.1093/heapro/dav071
  30. Wahyono, T. (2010). Analisis regresi dengan MS Excel 2007 dan SPSS 17. Elex Media Komputindo.
  31. Watkins, P. C. (2014). Gratitude and the good life: Toward a psychology of appreciation. Springer.
  32. Wood, A. M., Joseph, S., & Linley, P. A. (2007). Coping styles as a psychological resource of grateful people. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 26(9), 1076-1093. https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2007.26.9.1076