Forgiveness of the family victims of bomb explosion in Surabaya


  • Charis Pratama Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, Indonesia
  • Wahyuni Kristinawati Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, Indonesia


anger, forgiveness, post-traumatic, sadness, technological disaster


Technological disasters resulting in the death of family members can cause deep sadness and anger to individuals. Despite causing deep psychological trauma, individuals perceive and react differently towards the incidents. The purpose of this study is to describe forgiveness process of individuals who lost family members (children and spouses) in the bomb terror incident in Surabaya. This study used a deductive qualitative method to two participants, with interpersonal process of forgiveness and unforgiveness theory as framework. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis strategy. Four main themes emerged from the study related to the forgiveness fo the victims: personal context (personality trait and religious commitment), post-event perception, emotional responses, and behavioral responses. The study demonstrated that forgiveness is a unique process, which is experienced differently among individuals, depending on their personality traits, religious commitments, and perception of events which then affect the emotional response and behavior of individuals towards the transgressors.


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How to Cite

Pratama, C., & Kristinawati, W. (2020). Forgiveness of the family victims of bomb explosion in Surabaya. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat, 7(2), 225–243.



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