The contribution of perceived social support towards school well-being among high school students
Recent studies suggest that school well-being is an important predictor of students’ achievement. One of the determinants of school well-being is social support. This study aims to examine the role of perceived social support toward school well-being among senior high school students. A total of 304 students (Mage = 16.27; SD = .815) participated in this study and were approached through accidental sampling. Results indicate that perceived social support plays a significant role in determining the school well-being of high school students. Of the five identified sources of social support, perceived support from teacher was known to have the biggest contribution towards high school students’ school well-being, while perceived support from peer groups has the smallest role towards their school well-being. The study concludes by recommending high schools to consider providing and fulfilling students’ social support as an effort to maintain their school well-being and to encourage their performance.
Allardt, E. (1989). An updated indicator system: Having, loving, being. University of Helsinki: Finland.
Azwar, S. (2015). Penyusunan skala psikologi (2nd ed.). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Danielsen, A. G., Samdal, O., Hetland, J., & Wold, B. (2009). School-related social support and students’ perceived life satisfaction. The Journal of Educational Research, 102(4), 303–320.
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York, NY: Plenum.
Huebner, S. E., & McCullough, G. (2000). Correlates of school satisfaction among adolescents. The Journal of Educational Research, 93(5), 331-335.
Konu, A., & Koivisto, A. M. (2011). The school well-being profile - A valid instrument for evaluation. Paper presented at the Conference: EDULEARN11 - Barcelona 2011. Ditemu kembali dari https://www.researchgate.net/publication/230805981_The_School_Well-Being_Profile_-_a_valid_instrument_for_evaluation
Konu, A., & Lintonen, T. P. (2006). School well-being in grades 4–12. Health Education Research, 21(5), 633–642.
Konu, A., & Rimpela, M. (2002). Well–being in school: A conceptual model. Health Promotion International, 17(1), 79-87.
Liu, W., Mei, J., Tian, L., & Huebner, E. S. (2016). Age and gender differences in the relation between school-related social support and subjective well-being in school among students. Social Indicators Research, 125(3), 1065–1083.
Malecki, C. K., & Demaray, M. K. (2003). What type of support do they need? Investigating student adjustment as related to emotional, informational, appraisal, and instrumental support. School Psychology Quarterly, 18, 231-252.
Malecki, C. K., Demaray, M. K., & Elliott, S. N. (2014). A working manual on the development of the child and adolescent social support scale (2000). DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
Munoz-Laboy, M., Severson, N., Perry, A., & Guilamo-Ramos, V. (2013). Differential impact of types of social support in the mental health of formerly incarcerated latino men. Am J Mens Health, 8(3), 226–239.
Nanda, A., & Widodo, P. B. (2015). Efikasi diri ditinjau dari school well-being pada siswa Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan di Semarang. Jurnal Empati, 4(3), 90-95.
Nidianti, W. E., & Desiningrum, D. R. (2015). Hubungan antara school well-being dengan agresivitas. Jurnal Empati, 4(1), 202-207.
Pusat Data dan Statistik Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. (2017). Ikhtisar data pendidikan dan kebudayaan 2017/18. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
Santrock, J. W. (2014). Psikologi pendidikan. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.
Sarwono, S. W. (2015). Psikologi remaja. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo.
Tian, L., Liu, B., Huang, S., & Huebner, E. S. (2013). Perceived social support and school well-being among Chinese early and middle adolescents: The mediational role of self-esteem. Social Indicators Research, 113(3), 991–1008.
Tobia, V., Greco, A., Steca, P., & Marzocchi. (2019). Children’s well-being at school: A multi-dimensional and multi-informant approach. Journal of Happiness Studies, 20(3), 841–861
Tomyn, A. J., & Cummins, R. (2010). The subjective well-being of high-school students: Validating the personal well-being index—School children. Social Indicators Research, 101(3). doi: 10.1007/s11205-010-9668-6
Vedder, P., Boekaerts, M., & Seegers, G. (2005). Perceived social support and well-being in school: The role of students’ ethnicity. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(3), 269–278.
The authors agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) for the exposure of their work with an acknowledgement of Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat: Indonesian Journal of Indigenous Psychology (JPU) as an outlet of their published work.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.