Main Article Content


Feeling grateful has emotional and interpersonal advantages. When looking at suffering as something positive, person will be able to increase the ability of new coping. Development of gratitude measurement scale expected to help research, assessment, or interventions related gratitude in Indonesia population. Using non-probability accidental sampling, subjects in this research was 264 Indonesia people composed of 90 men (34%) and 174 women (66%), with age range of 20 to 75 years. Based on psychometric testing which is done through internal consistency and construct validity test, Indonesia gratitude scale seems has good reliability and validity. The scale can measure the construct consistently, can distinguish individuals with high and low gratitude, and valid to measure the gratitude construct through three factors, namely the sense of appreciation, positive feelings, and expression of gratitude. Having good psychometric standards, Indonesia gratitude scale version presented in this study can already be used to measure the gratitude in the context of research and clinical interventions in Indonesia population.


skala bersyukur penilaian gratitude scale assessment

Article Details

How to Cite
Listiyandini, R. A., Nathania, A., Syahniar, D., Sonia, L., & Nadya, R. (2020). Measuring gratitude: The preliminary development of the Indonesian Gratitude Scale. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat: Indonesian Journal of Indigenous Psychology, 2(2), 473–496.


  1. American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (2009). Hoghton Mifflin Company: USA.
  2. Amin, M. (2009). “Syukur (Pujian, Terima kasih)” Pusat Studi Al-Quran (diakses tanggal 28 September 2009).
  3. Anastasi, A., & Urbina, S. (1997). Psychological Testing. (7th ed.). USA: Prentice Hall Inc.
  4. Bono, G., Emmons, R.A., dan McCullough, M.E. (2004). Gratitude in practice and the practice of gratitude, dalam Linley, A.P. dan Joseph, S.(editor), Positive Psychology in Practice (hal 464-477). New Jersey: John Willey dan Sons, Inc.
  5. Fitzgerald, P (1998). Gratitude and justice. Ethics, 109, 119-153.
  6. Krause, N. (2006). Gratitude toward god, health, and stress in late life. Research in Aging. Beverly
  7. Hills: Mar 2006. Vol 28, Iss.2, hal 163.
  8. McCullough, M.E., Tsang, J. & Emmons, R.A. (2004). Gratitude in intermediate affective terrain: Links of grateful moods to individual difference and daily emotional experience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 295-309.
  9. McCullough, M. E., Emmons, R. A., & Tsang, J.-A. (2002). The grateful disposition: A conceptual and empirical topography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 112–127. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.82.1.112
  10. Murphy, K.R. (2001). Psychological Testing: Principles and Applications. Prentice Hall Inc. Peterson, C., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2004). Character Strength and Virtues: A Handbook &
  11. Classification. New York: Oxford University Press.
  12. Snyder, C.R., & Lopez, S.J. (2005). Handbook of Positive Psychology. New York: Oxford
  13. University Press.
  14. Sugiyono. (2010). Statistika untuk penelitian. Alfabeta: Bandung
  15. Suwantara, J.R., Lubis, D.U., & Rusli, E. (2005). Evaluasi Beck Depression Inventory sebagai sarana untuk mendeteksi depresi. Jurnal Psikologi Sosial. Vol.12, (01), hal.69-77.
  16. Thomas, M., & Watkins, P. (2003). Measuring the grateful trait: Development of the revised GRAT. Poster session presented at the Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  17. Tobing, L.P.L. (2009). Adaptasi Budaya pada Alat Ukur Subjective Happiness Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale, dan Schedule for Evaluation of Individual of Life-Direct Weighing. Skripsi. Depok: Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia.
  18. Watkins, P.C., Woodward, K., Stone T., dan Kolts, R.L. (2003). Gratitude and happiness: Development of a measure of gratitude, and relationships with subjective well-being. Social Behavior and Personality, 31 (5), 431-452. Ditemu kembali dari ProQuest Psychology Journals. (Document ID: 420942811) pada tanggal 10 September 2009.
  19. Wijanto, S.H. (2008). Structural Equation Modelling dengan LISREL 8.8: Konsep dan Tutorial. Jakarta: Graha Ilmu.